Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP)
The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) is a 15-year program that was established in 2005 with funding of $3.5 billion from the Government of Canada.
The primary objective of this program is to reduce environmental and human health risks from known federal contaminated sites and associated federal financial liabilities. In Phase I (2005-2011), the federal departments, agencies and consolidated Crown corporations responsible for contaminated sites (also referred to as custodians) made significant progress in assessing and remediating sites. Custodians conducted remediation activities at 1,400 sites, and completed remediation at 650 sites. Assessment activities were conducted on over 9,400 sites and completed on 6,400. FCSAP Phase II (2011-2016) allows this work to continue, with a focus on remediating the highest priority sites.
The Federal Contaminated Sites Inventory lists over 21,000 federal sites. This number includes confirmed contaminated sites, suspected contaminated sites, and about 9,000 "closed" sites where remediation was either completed or not required. In addition to addressing contaminated sites, the FCSAP program helps support skills development, training and employment of Canadians, including Aboriginal communities and others who live in northern and rural areas. It is also encouraging Canada’s environmental industry to develop innovative and sustainable remediation technologies and approaches.
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